Like Some People Pack T-Shirts

I just returned from a 10 day trip to the Dominican Republic and Haiti.  Every time I go on a trip, even if it’s just a day trip to the in-laws, I carefully plan which books to bring.  Some people are meticulous about the clothes that they pack, whether the outfits will match, and making sure they are prepared for any and every weather condition.  That’s how I am when it comes to the books I bring.


I debated how many to bring, I tried to calculate the perfect amount of material, so that I wasn’t left without something to read, but didn’t overpack.  Here’s what I ended up with:

I was partway through Bruchko, Gospel and Law, and Edwards “True Virtue” when I left on the trip.  By the end of the trip, all I had left was Volume 1, and I started Justification by Faith Alone on the plane trip back.

You’re Crazy

Some might think this is ridiculous.  What is the purpose of your trip, to do short term missions or to read books?  How much space did you use up schlepping your mini library halfway through the Caribbean?

For starters, I had two extended layovers, while the rest of the group was on another flight.  I wanted to make the best use of the time.  I also determined that I would never sacrifice relational time with people for the sake of reading a book.  At one point in the trip, after an hour long conversation, my brother-in-law looked at me and said, “I suppose I’m keeping you from reading, huh?”  “Not at all,” I replied. “I can read anytime.  When there are people to connect to, that is the priority.”  Nevertheless, there are dozens of opportunities every day to read, if only one has a book available.  The same brother-in-law borrowed two books at one point in the trip 🙂

At one point, we trekked from San Juan, D.R., to Dajabon, D.R. along the “International Highway”, DR-45.  7 of us in a small SUV, so the front seat was coveted, for the leg room, as well as the views.  When I finally got my turn in the front seat, I pulled out Volume 1, and immediately was heckled.  “No books allowed in the front seat.”  “Only if it’s not a theology book,” another chimed in.  Technically, The Nature of True Virtue is more philosophy than theology.  I protested, and was allowed my combination of sight-seeing, and wading through Edwards.

A Running Commentary

I found some enjoyable providences while reading during the trip.  Like when Pastor Marty preached a message on December 8th on Lydia from Acts 16, emphasizing that she was a very sincere and religious lost woman, until the Lord “opened her heart.”

Then I read in True Virtue, Chapter 4 on “Self-Love,” and Ch. 5 on “Natural Conscience and Moral Sense,” how people can “approve of true virtue, and disapprove and condemn the want of it, and opposition to it; and yet without seeing the true beauty of it.” (p. 134 in Volume 1, Banner of Truth)

This whole section, and really the entire work as a whole, develops philosophically how noble and sincere and seemingly virtuous a person can be, yet without any true love for God, and thus no true virtue, as was Lydia.  The parallels were unmistakable.

As I read throughout the trip, I saw several other instances where what I read related directly to what we were experiencing.

I had just read this in A Sweet and Bitter Providence:

At one level, the message of the book of Ruth is that the life of the godly is not a straight line to glory, but they do get there. The life of the godly is not an Interstate through Nebraska but a state road through the Blue Ridge Mountains of Tennessee. There are rockslides and precipices and dark mists and bears and slippery curves and hairpin turns that make you go backward in order to go forward. But all along this hazardous, twisted road that doesn’t let you see very far ahead, there are frequent signs that say, “The best is yet to come.” (99-100)

Then we embarked on our memorable journey on Highway 45 from San Juan to Dajabon through the mountains.  It was such a vivid picture and brought the point home with remarkable significance.  I have never been on a mountain road so steep, so winding, and so treacherous as DR-45.  And yet, I could see God’s hand in it every step of the way.  Thanks Pastor John.

A Grand Finale

We were in the airport in Santo Domingo, checking my backpack through security.  It went through the x-ray conveyor and was flagged as suspicious.  It must have been a couple of souvenirs in a pouch or something.  The security agent started going through the bag, and then he got to the books.  He proceeded to take each book, one at a time, and flip through the pages.  I guess to see what I was hiding in them.  I almost said said something when he got to Volume 1, to the effect of “that’s a good one!” but I wasn’t up for attempting it in spanish.

In the end, the picture you see at the top, was reproduced on the counter, until the agent pronounced it all clear, and let me on my way.

Ah well, such is what happens when you pack books for a trip like other people pack t-shirts.


Review: Liberating Ministry from the Success Syndrome

Liberating Ministry from the Success Syndrome By Kent and Barbara Hughes

I first heard of Kent Hughes earlier this year, listening to his message from the 2013 Desiring God Pastor’s Conference. He gave a brief autobiographical account, and I was stirred to ask myself, “What is my view of success? What are my goals in serving Christ?” and to refocus on the fact that success is essentially faithfulness to Him, fleshed out in all of the specifics. I was intrigued to check out his book, then just a few weeks ago, a friend put this book in my hands and said, “I want you to read this.” Wish granted 🙂

This is a good basic book on the motivations for ministry and what true success looks like. It starts with his identity crisis early in his own ministry, and then walks through the different biblical principles that focused his mind and heart back on the Lord, and not the world’s ideas of success. The autobiographical element is carried throughout the book, each chapter closing with that particular principle’s application to their own life and ministry.

In all, I liked this book, but wasn’t profoundly impacted by it. Recently, I also read An Earnest Ministry: The Want of the Times, and I have The Christian Ministry in my sights, so to me “The Success Syndrome” was just a lighter contemporary version of what these other men have said.

That said, I would recommend it as a good, basic overview of a biblical approach to ministry.

Review: The Supremacy of God in Preaching

The Supremacy of God in Preaching By John Piper

The infinite worth of the glory of God, and rejoicing in it, is what John Piper says is the theme of his life and ministry. He imbibed it most potently from Jonathan Edwards, particularly in The End for Which God Created the World. In this book, Piper looks at preaching through this lens, and gives a brief but jam-packed overview of how to magnify the glory of God in preaching.

He defines preaching as “worshiping over the Word of God – the text of Scripture – with explanation and exultation.” (p. 9) As always, his definition is concise and every word loaded with implications. He rephrases it: “There are always two parts to true worship: There is seeing God and there is savoring God… In true worship, there is always understanding with the mind and there is always feeling in the heart… True preaching is the kind of speech that consistently unites these two aspects of worship, both in the way it is done and in the aims that it has.” (10) He then elaborates on this for the rest of the book: the first half being his own explanation of “Why God Should Be Supreme in Preaching,” and the second being “How to Make God Supreme in Preaching: Guidance from the Ministry of Jonathan Edwards.”

If you’ve ever heard John Piper preach and thought, “I wish I could preach like that,” then this book is not for you.

If you have ever listened to John Piper preach and thought, “I wish I could see the glory of God like that and do more justice in attempting to display that worth in how I proclaim it to others,” then this book is emphatically for you. The glory of God is magnified, and it is applied succinctly to dozens of theological and practical aspects of preaching.

I highly recommend this book to anyone who ever is called upon to open up God’s Word to the people of God: fathers in their family devotions, sunday school teachers, bible study or small group leaders, and of course pastors and preachers.

In Defense of Second-Hand Knowledge

The following essay was my writing sample for my application to Bethlehem College and Seminary.  I was asked to respond to the following:

In his introduction to Athanasius’ On the Incarnation, C.S. Lewis writes, “[F]irst-hand knowledge is not only more worth acquiring than second-hand knowledge, but is usually much easier and more delightful to acquire.” Do you agree? Illustrate this concept with an experience from your life.

What is the relation between first-hand knowledge and second-hand knowledge? In his introduction to On the Incarnation, C.S. Lewis said that, “[F]irst-hand knowledge is not only more worth acquiring than second-hand knowledge, but is usually much easier and more delightful to acquire.”1 I agree that this is true in the limited sphere to which Lewis was referring, once an assumption regarding mechanics has been made more explicit. However, I think that outside that sphere, the statement is incomplete, specifically in failing to account for second-hand sources that, in the words of Mortimer Adler, “effectively mediate”2 their primary source. That said, I do find the concept generally helpful, and applicable in my present situation.

Assuming that the first-hand knowledge is indeed worth acquiring, the question remains: Is it actually easier and more delightful to acquire than second-hand knowledge? This rests on a big assumption regarding the mechanics of the reading process. By this, I mean the nuts and bolts of how the information gets from the mind of the author to the mind of the reader. For the reader this includes his familiarity with the language and form of the first-hand source. For example, first-hand knowledge of Shakespeare may be worth acquiring, but unless the reader has the mental mechanics of some familiarity with Elizabethan English, it may be neither easy nor delightful to read. In my own high school English class, most of us struggled to actually read Romeo and Juliet. We couldn’t wait for the unit to be over so we could watch the movie. Mechanics also plays a vital role in how the first-hand source gets to the reader, particularly if it needs to be translated from another language. Lewis himself acknowledges this later in the essay, when he refers to, “that sawdusty quality which is so common in modern renderings from the ancient languages.”3 No matter how worthy the book, it can be rendered difficult and distasteful when presented in a dry and wooden form. Lewis is assuming two things regarding mechanics when he makes his statement: that there are quality translations of these original works, and that the reader has enough ability to comprehend them. These, at least, must be true in order for his statement to be true.

What I see as the main limitation in his statement is that it does not account for the capability of both worthiness and delight to be transmitted effectively from first-hand to second-hand sources. In his given example he is completely correct. Plato is more worth reading than the, “dreary modern book ten times as long, all about “isms” and influences and only once in twelve pages telling him what Plato actually said.”4 When second-hand sources behave like this, Lewis’s statement obviously holds. However, not every second-hand source is like this at all. Mortimer Adler, in How to Read a Book, sets the bar for second-hand sources of knowledge: “He should not “come between” as a nonconductor, but he should come between as a mediator – as one who helps the less competent make more effective contacts with the best minds.”5 Lewis was lamenting the state of academia in his day. Adler gives us the solution. An example will help illustrate this.

In God’s Passion for His Glory, John Piper combines first-hand knowledge (The End for Which God Created the World by Jonathan Edwards) with his own second-hand contribution. Why don’t I follow Lewis’s advice, tear out the first 100 pages of the book and just get my knowledge first-hand? For several reasons. First, Piper helps the reader with some mechanics. He took the liberty to, “add or remove commas and semicolons, for example, to make the flow of the sentences as clear as possible. The same applies to Edwards’s use of italics, capitalization, dashes, parentheses, spelling, contractions and abbreviations.” He divided paragraphs, changed some grammatical constructions, added subheadings and lengthy explanatory footnotes to the text.6 All this mechanical effort by a second-hand source that makes it easier for the reader to get what the first-hand source is trying to say, contra Lewis’s statement.

Putting mechanics aside, more important is the idea that what makes Edwards worth reading and delightful to read, can and does spill over into the second-hand source to such a degree that Piper’s introduction is also worth reading and delightful to read and for the same essential reasons. Second-hand sources are worthy of being read to the degree that they effectively mediate what is worth reading in the original. John Piper does this. I read him and I shout in my heart, “I get this! God’s glory is supremely delightful! I don’t know how effectively I can “get” Edwards (my own mechanics might be lacking), but I get this, and this is good.” What is worth acquiring in Edwards spills over in Piper, it seems easier to grasp, and it is definitely delightful.

Ultimately, Edwards himself is also a second-hand source, commenting on a first-hand source, and what is worth acquiring in Edwards is simply what he has effectively mediated from that original source. Piper expresses this well:

“Thus, in the most profound sense we are all secondary teachers and secondary beings. Only One is Primary. Why he created us, and how to join him in fulfilling that end, are the most important questions in the world. Only he can reveal the answer [first-hand knowledge]. That is why Jonathan Edwards gave himself to the Word of God and wrote The End for Which God Created the World [second-hand]… and that is why I take my stand on his shoulders and write about God’s Passion for His Glory [third-hand!].”7

Interestingly, the very universe is structured this way, such that what is worthy and delightful in a first-hand source can and ought to be effectively transmitted through second-hand sources. The very Trinity is a display of this. We cannot see the face of God first-hand (Exodus 33:20), but we can see it reflected in the Son (2 Corinthians 4:4-6, John 1:18), yet, even this we cannot see unless the Spirit reveals it to us (1 Corinthians 2:14, John 16:14-15). This is second and even third-hand knowledge of the glory of God, and yet, in a sense, it remains first-hand knowledge as God mediates His glory to us, as He works directly in us. This spills over to our experience as we are commanded to proclaim the message second-hand (Romans 10:14) to all the world (Psalm 96:3) that others might come to first-hand knowledge themselves. The worthiness and delightfulness of the first-hand knowledge is not diminished by its being passed along second-hand. In fact, it was intended from the beginning to be this way. We were made to delight ourselves in the glory of God. This is primarily second-hand in this age – in His Word, in His creation, in His works in history, in His saints, in His gifts and graces. We are commanded not to despise second-hand sources – to do so is called the doctrine of demons! (1 Tim 4:3) – but rather to see “through” them, as it were, to The Primary Source and to delight in Him through them. It even seems that the delight of the first-hand source is made more complete, and its worthiness experienced more fully when shared among second-hand sources, and in the age to come, both aspects will be interplaying for all eternity as God’s glory and worth is delighted in first-hand in Himself and second-hand in His saints.

Lewis would protest, “Of course! I’m only talking about boring commentators on original texts.” In this, I agree. Whenever second-hand sources, “come between as non-conductors,” Lewis’s statement is a helpful encouragement to dig into those worthy primary sources for ourselves. “And besides,” he might add, “Isn’t my point ultimately true? Isn’t knowledge of God Himself most worth acquiring, and most delightful to acquire?” I guess I’ll have to ask him about it in heaven, as the glory beams from his face and in his words.

As I contemplate my own situation, I find this concept has direct application to me, and here I find myself in wholehearted agreement with Lewis. One of the reasons for applying to Bethlehem College and Seminary is my desire for first-hand knowledge of the Word of God in the original languages. Yes, we have had good and faithful translations which have effectively mediated the truth of the original to us in English. These “second-hand” sources are worthy of study, easy to read, and delightful to the soul. And yet, I am persuaded that reading it “first-hand” is indeed “more worth acquiring,” and my experience is that accurate knowledge of what the text means is, “much easier and more delightful to acquire,” in the originals. It may be mechanically easier to simply read the words of my English Bible, but acquiring the knowledge of the actual meaning is easier done in the original, without having to resort to a dozen different original language helps. For me, the issue comes back to mechanics, and this is why I am applying to BCS: to develop the mechanical ability necessary to more easily acquire knowledge of the Word of God, for my great delight, because His Word is infinitely worth acquiring, first-hand.

1. C.S. Lewis, “On the Reading of Old Books,” in God in the Dock in The Timeless Writings of C.S. Lewis (New York: Inspirational Press, 1970) , 434.
2. Mortimer Adler, How to Read a Book (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1940), 60.
3. Lewis, “On the Reading of Old Books, “ 438.
4. Ibid., 434.
5. Adler, How to Read a Book, 60.
6. John Piper, God’s Passion for His Glory (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books, 1998), 123.
7. Ibid., xiii.

Like a Difficult Sudoku Puzzle

I used to do a lot of Sudoku puzzles.  I love logic puzzle games, and Sudoku was a phase I went through a few years ago.  If you’ve ever tried to solve a Difficult Sudoku puzzle, you’ll understand exactly what I mean.

In the beginning phases of solving a Sudoku puzzle, there is usually a lot of action.  There are obvious places for the numbers, and significant amounts of the puzzle can be solved quickly.  Then it slows down and becomes a grind.  This is the phase in which you pore over the grid, running every single number from 1 through 9, and then each individual square of nine, and then each column and each row.  Sometimes you can go through an entire sequence – numbers, squares, columns, rows – and get one number – ONE!  Sometimes none at all.  So you look harder, you think deeper,  you run some more complex analysis.  And then you see one.  And maybe that’s all, maybe you have to run the whole sequence of analysis all over again just to fine one more.  But at some point the dam breaks open.  Sometimes it is just one piece of the 81 part puzzle that is the key to solving the rest of the thing.  And then you can see it coming together, and there is the glorious rush to the finish – DONE!

Growing in the knowledge of God and His Word can be just like a difficult Sudoku puzzle.  Today I was reading the book of Job, and I found the key that unravels the whole book.  I’ve read the book of Job at least 10 times in my life, and sometimes it feels like the same old, same old thing, a book about suffering, with a few pictures of Christ thrown in, and a glorious ending regarding God’s greatness.

Go over the numbers again.  The grid.  The columns and rows.

All of a sudden I saw it.  Chapter 32.  The theme of the entire book of Job is the righteousness of God.  His justification.  Not suffering; suffering merely sets the stage for The Theme, God’s Righteousness.  My mind is swirling right now with the implications of this.  Go through the numbers again.  The answers start falling into place faster than I can write them in.

Chapter 1-2: Job reflects God’s righteousness.  Chapters 3-31 Job and his friends question and misrepresent God’s righteousness.  Chapter 32-37 Elihu defends God’s righteousness.  Chapter 38-40 GOD defends God’s righteousness.  Chapter 43 Job’s view of God’s righteousness is restored.

How many times have I read Job and not seen this?  All of a sudden one essential part falls into place and a glorious light bursts forth on EVERYTHING!

I think in part, this is because I just finished Jonathan Edward’s “The End for Which God Created the World.”  I had been laboring in the grid of God’s Passion for His Own Glory, and God’s glory as the goal and theme of EVERYTHING, and seeing that particular part of the puzzle come together in remarkable ways.  And all of a sudden, as I kept plodding along, scanning the grid, reading my 6 chapters for the day, I see a connection – THE connection – and more of the puzzle of the truth and the knowledge of the righteousness and the glory of God comes together for me.

So keep scanning the grid.  Keep cross checking the numbers, keep running down the columns and rows, and keep going, even when you haven’t found a new answer in a while.  When the dam breaks, the glory might overwhelm you.

Are None of Us Bound to Go?

What? Out of all these saved ones, no willing messengers to the heathen! Where are his ministers? Will none of these cross the seas to heathen lands? Here are thousands of us working at home. Are none of us called to go abroad? Will none of us carry the Gospel to regions beyond? Are none of us bound to go? Does the Divine Voice appeal to our thousands of preachers and find no response so that again it cries, “Whom shall I send?” Here are multitudes of professing Christians making money, getting rich, eating the fat and drinking the sweet—is there not one to go for Christ? Men travel abroad for trade—will they not go for Jesus? They even risk life amid eternal snows—are there no heroes for the Cross?

A stirring call to missions from Charles Spurgeon, found in “The Divine Call for Missionaries,” no. 1351, preached April 22, 1877.